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“气”和饮食息息相关,如何管好这口“气”?

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发表于 2019-11-2 16:17:28 来自手机 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

 气看不见,摸不着,但是人们经常说“人活一口气”。这口气到底是什么?与中医说的气是同一种么?应该如何管好“这口气”呢?

人与自然是有机的整体,每时每刻都在进行内外物质能量的交换;人的内部也是一个有机的整体,也不间断地进行物质能量的内部交换。这些交换的实现,都需要气的作用。
 
看不见摸不着的气是什么?




气虽然看不见,摸不着,但它是物质。简写的“气”,是指空气的气,人没有空气活不了,可只有空气也活不了。人活一口气,在中医看来,这个气是繁体字的 “氣”,气下面还有一个米,也就是天地相合供应人体需要的能量。

《黄帝内经》讲,“在天为气,在地成形,形气相感而化生万物矣。”气形相感供应人体所需要的能量,维持人的生命活动。

人要呼吸、吃米,才有氣




“粮食”是人生存的重要基础。这两个字拆开看,就是人要吃好的食物,比如米。再比如,精气神中的“精”字也是有米,可见古人认为好东西与米有关。

现代医学提倡整体营养,吃米时最好是吃整颗种子,比如老年人骨质疏松缺的钙、高血压病缺的镁、女性贫血缺的铁和B族维生素、小儿多动症缺的锌、肿瘤患者缺的硒,多在谷物的皮里,还能增加饱腹感,帮助排出肠内之便。所以,很早之前,《黄帝内经》中就提出“五谷为养”。

现实生活中,有些人没有主、副食的概念,要么只讲美味不讲营养,无原则胡乱饮食,要么越吃越精细,这两种做法都会令身体中某些营养过剩与某些营养缺乏同时存在,导致营养失衡,气血不足,体质变得虚实夹杂。

比如原来女性一般49岁绝经,现代许多白领丽人30多岁就月经量少,40岁出头就快没月经了,主要原因就是女性怕胖,不吃五谷,造血的原料严重不足,导致气血不足,西医称之为“卵巢早衰综合征”。

另外,白领们代餐的蔬菜水果不少是寒性的,且有清火泄气的作用,如果气血不足且体质有寒,不宜吃大量寒性蔬果。

胃口好,气不一定足

胃口好身体就壮么?恰恰相反,饮食总量要与人体新陈代谢和生理活动的需要相平衡,否则病从口入。

比如代谢综合征是导致一系列慢性病的头号杀手之一,代谢综合征与饮食总量摄入过多,不运动有关系。

老百姓常说,“鱼生火肉生痰,萝卜白菜保平安”。中医讲“气有余便是火”,火大了就会发炎,形成许多疾病。中医同时又讲“壮火食气”,就是说火大了会耗散正常的气血津液,导致气血虚弱。

癌症的“癌”字更是形象地说明这一点,一个人用三个口吃山一样多的食物,多余的东西淤积就会形成癌;烦躁的“躁”说明一个人用三个口吃太多东西超出了能量需求就会站立不安、坐卧不宁;而心平气和的“和”可以理解为饮食不要过量,一个人用一个口吃禾苗谷物,才能平和安静。长寿之人多吃七八分饱,不无道理。













大道至简,是宇宙万物发展之规律,是中华文化之精髓,是中华道家哲学,是大道理极其简单,简单到一两句话就能说明白。所谓“真传一句话,假传万卷书”。“万物之始,大道至简,衍化至繁”出自老子的《道德经》。大道至简,不仅被哲学流派道家、儒家等所重视,也是人生在世的生活境界。

大道至简,大道无形,大道无法,这是一种大道自然、返朴归真的高级功态。在这种清净无为、忘我无私、天人合一的状态中,不求长功,功力自然上长;不求治病,身心自然调整;不求功能,功能自然显现;你不求大小周天,百脉自然畅通,最深刻的真理是最简单最普通的真理。把最复杂的变成最简单的,才是最高明的。最伟大的人仅仅因为简单才显得崇高。

大道至简,人生亦简。开悟,深奥了就简单,简单了才深奥,从看山是山,到看山是山,境界不一样,从简单到复杂,再从复杂到简单,就是升华。生活的意义在于简单,人修炼到一定程度,会淡泊一些事,会简单,你可以理解别人,但别人不一定理解你,其实人不在理解,在认同。

精于心,简于形。拷问灵魂这是人的终极问题,简不仅是一种至美,也是一种能力、一种境界。看透了不说透,高境界;朦胧地看,心透 ;透非透、 知未知 ,故意不看透,才是透彻;知道世事看不透,就是透,透彻后的不透彻,明白后的不明白,难得糊涂是真境界。

“大道至简”是做人的智慧,做人做事要将一件复杂的事情化为简单,那是需要智慧的。将繁杂的事情回归到简单,要有智慧、能力,也要有决心。有智慧的人都喜欢大道至简,因此,功和利,不可趋之若鹜;名和财,不可为之所累。淡泊以明志,宁静以致远。我们要简简单单的做人,踏踏实实的做事,用智慧化难为简。

为名利尽抛宠辱,清纯似儿时天真的童贞,朴实如父辈耕耘的沃土,只有心情平静的人方能视见“斜阳照墟落,穷巷牛羊归”的悠闲,听闻“荷风送秋气,竹露滴清响”的天籁,感受那“空山不见人,但闻人语响”的空旷。陶渊明就是这样的人,所以他能够吟出“采菊东篱下,悠然见南山”的绝句;欧阳修也是这样的一个人,所以他在谪居时仍能悠然自得的写出《醉翁亭记》。

大道至简,人生亦简。简不是物质的贫乏,而是精神的自在;简不是生命的空虚,而是心灵的单纯。大道至简是最高的道理往往是最简明的,人要学会简单、简朴生活、简捷行事,放下自己的私心杂念,当超出自我欲望的牢笼,当真正忘记自己的思想,忘记自己的意识,进入忘我忘物的状态。

人生的繁出于惑,以“仁”抗拒诱惑,以“智”解除困惑。不惑,才是人生由繁入简的标志。弱水三千,我只取一瓢饮;人生百态,须当从一而终。乐以忘忧,简以存真,才是人生的“大道至简”。

有个大道至简、平常心是道的故事:一个行者问老道长:“您得道前,做什么?”老道长:“砍柴担水做饭。”行者问:“那得道后呢?”老道长:“砍柴担水做饭。”行者又问:“那何谓得道?”老道长:“得道前,砍柴时惦记着挑水,挑水时惦记着做饭;得道后,砍柴即砍柴,担水即担水,做饭即做饭。”老道长和行者的对话让我们开悟,许多至高至深的道理都是含蕴在一些极其简单的思想中。

大道至简,人生易简。一千个人有一千种生存方式和生活道路,走过岁月、走过生活,心里有许多的感慨,一切放下,一切自在;当下放下,当下自在,生活中的很多问题并不需要放在心里,人生的很多负担并不需要挑在肩上。一念放下,才能感受到简单生活的乐趣,才能感受到心灵飞翔的快感。要想改变一些事情,首先得把自己给找回来。我们都有潜在的能量,只是很容易:被习惯所掩盖,被时间所迷离,被惰性所消磨。我们应该记住该记住的,忘记该忘记的,改变能改变的,接受不能改变的。我们要用最少的悔恨面对过去,用最少的浪费面对现在,用最多的梦面对未来。

天地之道,简易而已。人生苦短,诸事不想太复杂,简单生活。人生这部大戏一旦拉开序幕,不管你如何怯场,都得演到戏的结尾。成长过程中最大的挑战在于有些路段,只能自己寂静地走,快乐工作、简单生活才是幸福生活,人要懂得知足常乐,所有的哀伤、痛楚,所有不能放弃的事情,不过是生命里的一个过渡,你跳过了就可以变得更精彩。

最好的生活就是简单生活,一盏茶,一张桌,一处清幽,日子平淡,心无杂念。可是简单的生活却需要百般的努力,这样才会无忧无虑欣然享受生活。生活总的来说是完美的,不完美的是心态,不懂得欣赏的人,就会用挑剔把一切变得有残缺。简单做人,率性而为,把握分寸,随遇而安,坦然接受现实;简单做事,不惹事、不生事、不怕事,不悔、不怨、不惜自己所做的事。

人生就是一场漫长对抗,有些人笑在开始,有些人却赢在最终。试着微笑,试着回眸,放松自己,不强求、不萎靡、不浮躁。简单生活,随心、随性、随缘,做最好的自己,知足、微笑、淡然,即使再苦再累,只要坚持往前走,属于自己的风景终会出现。

生活容不容易,关键看你怎么活。处境在于心境,心境改变了,处境也会改变。你向生活要得越多,你就会变得越紧张、越复杂,生活也就越不容易。反之,你对生活要求的越少,就越容易满足,越容易快乐。江山明月,本无常主,得闲便是主人;大道至简,活在当下,知足便能常乐。

悟入无怀之静境,一轮之心月独明,尽显心静之境界;心静自然从容洒脱,持心若水笑面人生,更现心静之魅力。人生在世,平淡才是最真,静默才是最美,生命里最持久的不是繁华,而是平淡,不是热闹而是清欢。保持一颗童心,不开心的时候,心无遮拦地向朋友倾诉烦恼,开心的时候,肆无忌惮地开怀大笑,也许所有的忧愁会在倾诉中流走,所有的紧张会在大笑中释放。像孩子一样,简单生活,快乐生活,保持心灵原生态,一切都是美好的。

生命里总有一个故事,想讲述却难以开口,就这样在心底,渐渐谱成了曲。人就是这样,得不到的永远向往,失去了的,才会觉到珍贵。所谓的,得失、情缘、风景、驿站,都在时光的尘烟中,慢慢淡散。虽然,有些事情放下很难,但是,不属于自己的东西,终究会走远。

人的一生,注定要经历很多。红尘路上,有朗朗的笑声,有委屈的泪水,懵懂的坚持着,有成功的自信,有失败的警醒,每一段经历注定珍贵。生命的丰盈缘于心的慈悲,生活的美好缘于拥有一颗平常心,生活简单让人轻松快乐,想法简单让人平和宁静。因为简单,才深悟生命之轻,因为简单,才洞悉心灵之静。

另外,《黄帝内经》还讲到“百病生于气也,怒则气上,喜则气缓,悲则气消,恐则气下,寒则气收,炅则气泄,惊则气乱,劳则气耗,思则气结”,告诉人们如何规避气的损伤及其功能失常,保护健康,预防疾病。 

所以,人活一口气,还要有志气、有骨气、有灵气、有勇气、有豪气、有生气、有底气、有凛然正气,做人要大气、和气、局气,要气贯长虹、气吞山河,又要气定神闲,不小气、不傲气、不惰气、不轴气、不死气,这些都无不与健康存在着各种各样的关联。

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